This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Honduras, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture, water resources, energy, human health, and ecosystems and fisheries. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of Honduras, as well as projected climate changes. Also included is information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Honduras.
Honduras is one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere and is vulnerable to climate change due to its high exposure to climate-related hazards (hurricanes, tropical storms, floods, droughts, landslides) that devastate crops and critical infrastructure. The rural poor overwhelmingly depend on rainfed agriculture as their principal livelihood and are concentrated in the southern and western regions, known as the Dry Corridor, where food insecurity has become a recurrent issue. Climate change will increase the frequency and severity of water scarcity and climate-related hazards, and put additional strain on the Honduran government’s capacity to address ongoing development barriers, including extreme inequality, low levels of education, acute environmental degradation, and rampant crime and violence.