This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Kenya, including how climate change will impact agriculture, human health, water, ecosystems, and energy and infrastructure. This brief includes a country overview of Kenya, the climate, projected changes and information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Kenya.
Climate risks pose serious threats to Kenya’s sustainable development goals. The country’s economy is largely dependent on rainfed agriculture and tourism, each susceptible to climate variability and change and extreme weather events. Increasing interseasonal variability and declining rainfall in the main rainy season have impacted cereal production in recent years. Recurrent droughts and floods - likely to be exacerbated by increasing temperatures, heavy rainfall events and sea level rise - lead to severe crop and livestock losses, famine and displacement.