This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Mozambique, including how climate change will impact agriculture, human health, coastal resources and water. This brief includes a country overview of Mozambique, the climate, projected changes and information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Mozambique.
Mozambique’s vulnerability to climate change is a function of its location and geography: large areas of the country are exposed to tropical cyclones, droughts (every three to four years) and river/coastal storm surge flooding. More than 60 percent of the population lives in low-lying coastal areas, where intense storms from the Indian Ocean and sea level rise put infrastructure, coastal agriculture, key ecosystems and fisheries at risk. Increased frequency and severity of intense storms, droughts and floods are likely to exacerbate the country’s development challenges.