This profile provides an overview of climate risk issues in Nepal, including how climate change will potentially impact infrastructure, water resources, agriculture, ecosystems and human health. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of the country, as well as projected climate changes. Also included is information on the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Nepal.
Nepal is highly vulnerable to climate change and has already experienced changes in temperature and precipitation at a faster rate than the global average. Millions of Nepalese are estimated to be at risk from the impacts of climate change including reductions in agricultural production, food insecurity, strained water resources, loss of forests and biodiversity as well as damaged infrastructure.
Climate change adaptation is at the center of Nepal’s development plans and policies. In 2011, Nepal created a Climate Change Policy, the centerpiece of Nepal’s response to climate change; several related efforts complement it, including Nepal’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), focused on addressing the most urgent and immediate adaptation needs.