Resilience has emerged as a way to understand and address the increasing complexity and magnitude of risk in humanitarian and development contexts. Yet, the ability to develop strategies and programs that increase resilience requires robust measurement and analysis methods. The USAID Resilience Measurement Practical Guidance Note Series intends to provide new insights based on recent efforts to assess, analyze, monitor, and evaluate resilience. The first guidance note in this series, "Risk and Resilience Assessments," include resilience assessments and when, why and how to conduct them. The second, "Measuring Shocks and Stresses," describes how to measure and analyze shocks and stresses, while the third, "Measuring Resilience Capacities," details how to think about and measure absorptive, adaptive and transformative capacities. In this fourth guidance note, we describe approaches for conducting resilience and analysis.